Basic Commands

To be able to use git we need to know a bit about the command line.
Some of these commands you may already be familiar with, so just have a look through them.

First let's get to know how to navigate through locations

Location Description
. Current Folder
.. Parent Folder
~ Home Directory
/ The root of a drive, you cannot go any higher than this
<folder> A folder name that is in the current folder you are in, ignore the angle brackets
<folder>/<file> Path to a file, the file may be in a sub folder
ls -la ls = list files, -l = long list, -a = show all files, including hidden

As mentioned earlier, git is a linux command line tool - so we need to know some basic commands to find our way around.

Feature Description
cd change directory - this is followed by location above
mkdir <folder> create a folder, ignore the angle brackets
touch <file> create a file, ignore the angle brackets
mkdir -p <folder> create a folder with subfolders
rm remove a file followed by the file name
rm -f force remove a file followed by the file name
rm -rf force remove a folder followed by the folder name
mv <source file/path> <destination file/path> Moving or Renaming files

Basic git commands

Next up are the basic git commands. Even though we are still going to cover them in more detail - here is a list of them for a quick reference.

Feature Description
git init Create a git repository in your current folder
git init <folder name> Create a folder with a git repository in it. Ignore the angle brackets
git add . or git add --all Add all the files to the staging stage, this includes new, updated and deleted files
git add -u Add only new and updated files to the staging stage
git commit -m "message" Add the files to the git repository and create a log point
git push origin master Push the current content in your local repository to your remote repository
git pull origin master Pull the current content from the remote repository to your local repository
git clone <repo-link> Clone an existing remote repository to your local folder, it creates a folder with the repository name
git clone <repo-link> . Clone an existing remote repository to your local folder, but places all the content in the current folder. This folder must be blank.

Some gotcha's

  • Often people will do a git init without navigating their terminal to the right location first.

  • Do not create a git repository inside of another git repository as it messes up the tracking system.

  • If you do not create any branches, then you must use git pull and git push correctly often, but this is a bad way of working, but we will get back to that later.

Intitial Git Setup

After you setup a git repository using git init you will want to let git know who is making the commits. In most cases you will only need to do this once per machine.

git config --global "Your name"
git config --global "Your email"

If you want to override these settings for a particular project then you can use the local flag instead of the global one. The local flag will only apply to the repository you are working on.

git config --local "Your name"
git config --local "Your email"